Infrastructure On the Rise

Ethiopia's infrastructure requirements are reflective of its status as a growing economy. As the country becomes increasingly urbanized, it needs to adjust provisions, while making sure not to leave its rural poor behind. Infrastructure needs in the country are greatest in electricity, water and sanitation, telecommunications and roads and transport.


Air Transport: – the Ethiopian Airlines (EA), African world class airline, connects the country with over 59 destinations worldwide. EA reaches to more than 20 destinations in Africa, USA and Canada, many European destinations including, London, Paris, Hague, Brussels and Rome, to China and India in Asia and Dubai, Tel Aviv and Jeddah in the Middle East. It provides both passenger and cargo flights in its domestic and international flights. EA has an outstanding safety record. Its modern air cargo terminal is furnished with cold storage to handle perishable products. Ethiopia has 3 international and 19 domestic airports.]

Road transport – Investment in road infrastructure is given a high priority. The total road network is expected to reach about 136,000km by 2015. The road network links Addis Ababa to various parts of Ethiopia and neighbouring countries.

Railways and ports – 780km rail service linking Addis to the port of Djibouti (on the Red Sea coast) via the eastern cities of Dire Dawa and Nazareth. There is a plan to build an additional railway line of 2395km in the next five years. Ethiopia also has access to Port of Berbera in the East, Port Sudan in the north-west and Mombassa in the south. Inland Dry Ports at Mojo and Semara also serve as an import and export cargo hub.

Telecoms – Microwave, satellite, Digital Radio Multi Access System (DMAS), VSAT and UHF connect all regional cities and a number of smaller towns have automatic telephone services. International communications links are maintained through satellite earth stations, fibre optics providing telephone, internet, telex, fax and TV services, digital data transmission, pre and post paid cellular phones and coin booth services.

Power supply – Ethiopia has vast hydropower and promising geothermal energy resources. The main industrial towns are all connected into the national grid, and electricity is relatively cheap. Electricity generation has improved dramatically and is expected to reach up to 10,000 MW in five years time from the current 2000MW. The Government has liberalised the sector allowing foreign investors to participate in generating of electric power.